The climate is the average set of weather patterns in a particular region. It can take many forms and isn’t based on just one factor, but instead on myriad factors such as temperature, precipitation levels, and what type of plants grow there and when parking uphill on a two-way street with no curb. Climate can be changed by human activity, like mining for coal or burning fossil fuels.

1. What factors determine climate?

Climate is the average weather in a region, usually determined by latitude and altitude. However, climate isn’t strictly decided by these. It also takes into account temperatures, precipitation levels, the type of plants there, and human activity .

2. How is climate affected by altitude?

As a general trend, climates change with altitude as you move closer to the poles (or if you’re on a mountain). In lower altitudes there’s more water vapor in the air and water has been known to increase temperature levels . Also when you go higher up in elevation more powerful winds are often found , which can contribute to precipitation. 

3. What type of plants have been found on the poles?

In the Arctic and Antarctic, little vegetation has been found. This can be due to the extreme cold or lack of water. One hypothesis is that it’s due to low levels of biologically-available nitrogen because it’s hard to get nitrogen from plants in these regions. It takes a lot of energy to grow plants at such high altitudes and they’re not nearly as efficient at converting sunlight as they are closer to the equator.

4. What effects have mining, deforestation, and burning fossil fuels had on climate?

Human activity affects climate in several ways. Mining , like coal mining, releases carbon dioxide into the air. When you burn fossil fuels, like in oil or gas emissions, very large amounts of carbon dioxide are released. Mining for coal has obviously curbed the amount of trees in global forests . Even so, some studies show these forests store more carbon than ever before . Deforestation may have contributed to increased temperatures on the earth . Burning fossil fuels also produces more carbon dioxide than any other human activity.

5. What are some helpful actions one can take to help prevent climate change?

We can help reduce carbon dioxide emissions by embracing more renewable energy and not driving as much. One can drive their vehicle less, use energy-efficient light bulbs, turn off lights when not in use, and thoroughly recycle.

6. On a scale of 0-10 (0 being coldest, 10 warmest), how would you rate the climate where you live? 

This is hard for me because I’ve lived in four places: Georgia (0), Tennessee (2), California (8), and Texas (6). The highest I’ve seen a temperature is 120 degrees and the lowest is -14.

7. How is the climate where you live affected by your location (e.g.: near/far from an ocean, or in/near mountains)?

I believe it’s affected greatly by my location because my current town is near an ocean, which could contribute to rain and humidity. If I lived far away from the ocean, I would assume that it would be hotter . Also, I live in Houston so we have a lot of wind and get a lot of precipitation; both effects depending on our proximity to the gulf coast. 

8. How does local weather affect life in your area?

Weather affects life because we have to adjust our activities based on it. If rain is in the forecast, we have to decide what to do with our day or night. Weather can have wide-ranging effects in a community. For instance, global warming may be affecting crop yields and leading to droughts. 

9. What kind of changes do you think will occur in the climate of where you live?

In the near future, I believe that most Americans will have to change their lifestyles because of global warming. For instance, more droughts and natural disasters may occur. I also think that some communities won’t be able to survive because there will be too much rainfall, or it may be too cold.

10. Can you not change the climate? 

I don’t think it’s possible to change the climate of Earth. Even if I stopped using all electricity and gas, it would just be a matter of time before the planet eventually warmed up again. I think humans control the speed at which this trend is moving. I don’t think you can not change it, but it would take a lot of work; one could build a large wall around the earth so that we aren’t affected by weather patterns or use some sort of nuclear reactor so we don’t forget what’s happening.

Conclusion:

Climate is a complicated issue so it’s unrealistic to expect one article to sum up everything. Well this may not be everything, but I hope it at least sparked your interest in the topic of climate and what can be done to change it. We know that our activities are changing the climate, but we can only hope that we address these changes before they cause too much damage.

There are many labels that could be given to describe me, but one thing’s for certain: I am an entrepreneur with passion. Whether it's building websites and social media campaigns for new businesses or traveling the world on business trips - being entrepreneurs means constantly looking at yourself in a different light so as not get bored of your own success!

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